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Title: Effect of a low-resource-intensive lifestyle modification program incorporating gymnasium-based and home-based resistance training on Type 2 diabetes risk in Australian adults.
Authors: Payne, Warren R.
Walsh, Kerry J.
Harvey, Jack T.
Livy, Michelle F.
McKenzie, Kylie
Donaldson, Alex
Atkinson, Meredith
Keogh, Jennifer B.
Moss, Robert S.
Dunstan, David W.
Hubbard, Wendy A.
Issue Date: 2008
Publisher: American Diabetes Association
Place of publication: Alexandria, VA
Publication Title: Diabetes Care
Volume: 31
Issue: 12
Start Page: 2244
End Page: 2250
Abstract: OBJECTIVE—The purpose of this study was to assess the effectiveness of a low–resource-intensive lifestyle modification program incorporating resistance training and to compare a gymnasium-based with a home-based resistance training program on diabetes diagnosis status and risk. RESEARCH DESIGN AND METHODS—A quasi-experimental two-group study was undertaken with 122 participants with diabetes risk factors; 36.9% had impaired glucose tolerance (IGT) or impaired fasting glucose (IFG) at baseline. The intervention included a 6-week group self-management education program, a gymnasium-based or home-based 12-week resistance training program, and a 34-week maintenance program. Fasting plasma glucose (FPG) and 2-h plasma glucose, blood lipids, blood pressure, body composition, physical activity, and diet were assessed at baseline and week 52. RESULTS—Mean 2-h plasma glucose and FPG fell by 0.34 mmol/l (95% CI −0.60 to −0.08) and 0.15 mmol/l (−0.23 to −0.07), respectively. The proportion of participants with IFG or IGT decreased from 36.9 to 23.0% (P = 0.006). Mean weight loss was 4.07 kg (−4.99 to −3.15). The only significant difference between resistance training groups was a greater reduction in systolic blood pressure for the gymnasium-based group (P = 0.008). CONCLUSIONS—This intervention significantly improved diabetes diagnostic status and reduced diabetes risk to a degree comparable to that of other low–resource-intensive lifestyle modification programs and more intensive interventions applied to individuals with IGT. The effects of home-based and gymnasium-based resistance training did not differ significantly.
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ISSN: 0149-5992
Internal ID Number: 00834
Type: Journal Article
Appears in Collections:Research Output

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