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|Title:||Optimising adherence to secondary prevention medications following acute coronary syndrome utilising telehealth cardiology pharmacist clinics: a matched cohort study.|
|Publication Title:||International Journal of Clinical Pharmacy|
|Abstract:||Background Adherence to secondary prevention medications following acute coronary syndromes (ACS) is a predictor of future major adverse cardiovascular events. Underutilisation of these medications is associated with higher risk of major adverse cardiovascular events globally. Aim To explore the effects of a telehealth cardiology pharmacist clinic on patient adherence to secondary prevention medications in the 12 months following ACS. Method Retrospective matched cohort study within a large regional health service comparing patient populations before and after implementation of pharmacist clinic with 12-month follow up. Patients who received percutaneous coronary intervention for ACS were consulted by the pharmacist at 1, 3- and 12-months. Matching criteria included age, sex, presence of left ventricular dysfunction and ACS type. Primary outcome was difference in adherence in adherence at 12 months post ACS. Secondary outcomes included major adverse cardiovascular events at 12 months and validation of self-reported adherence using medication possession ratios from pharmacy dispensing records. Results There were 156 patients in this study (78 matched pairs). Analysis of adherence at 12 months demonstrated an absolute increase in adherence by 13% (31 vs. 44%, p = 0.038). Furthermore, sub-optimal medical therapy (less than 3 ACS medication groups at 12 months) reduced by 23% (31 vs. 8%, p = 0.004). Conclusion This novel intervention significantly improved adherence to secondary prevention medications at 12 months, a demonstrated contributor to clinical outcomes. Primary and secondary outcomes in the intervention group were both statistically significant. Pharmacist-led follow up improves adherence and patient outcomes. Impact statements Implementing cardiology pharmacist telehealth clinics leads to improved medication adherence, and by extension improved clinical outcomes in patients following an acute coronary syndrome. This model of care is now a permanent component of care for patients following discharge for an acute coronary syndrome across a large regional health service. This model is now being adapted in a rapid access atrial fibrillation clinic model to enhance anticoagulant and anti-arrhythmic management. Introduction|
|Internal ID Number:||02257|
|Health Subject:||ACUTE CORONARY SYNDROME|
PERCUTANEOUS CORONARY INTERVENTION
|Appears in Collections:||Research Output|
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