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Title: Management of paediatric acute severe behavioural disturbance in emergency departments across Australia: A PREDICT survey of senior medical staff.
Author: Bourke, Elyssia
Knott, J.
Craig, S.
Babl, F.
Institutional Author: Paediatric Research in Emergency Departments International Collaborative (PREDICT) Research Network
Issue Date: 2023
Publication Title: Emergency Medicine Australasia
Volume: 35
Issue: 2
Start Page: 254
End Page: 260
Abstract: Objective Acute severe behavioural disturbance (ASBD) is a condition seen with increasing frequency in EDs. It poses a significant risk to the patient and those around them. Little is known about the epidemiology or most effective management in the paediatric population. The aim of the present study is to clarify the practice of senior emergency doctors in Australia when managing paediatric ASBD. Methods The present study was a voluntary electronic questionnaire distributed to and undertaken by senior medical staff in EDs affiliated with the Paediatric Research in Emergency Departments International Collaborative (PREDICT) network. Respondents reported on exposure to and confidence in managing paediatric ASBD and their current practices. Results A total of 227 (33%) clinicians completed the survey between February and May 2020. Most clinicians were caring for at least two young people with ASBD each week (72%), felt confident regarding the majority of components of management and referred to local clinical practice guidelines (69%). Agitation/sedation rating scales were seldom used (19%). There was a significant variation in self-reported management practices. The choice of whether to use medication at all, the medication chosen and route of administration all varied greatly. Respondents were more willing to provide parenteral medication to young people reported as having recreational drug intoxication (84%) than those with neurodevelopment disorders (65%) when the same degree of agitation was reported. Conclusions Within Australia, there is considerable variation in paediatric ASBD practice, in particular regarding medication provision. Further prospective research is required to inform best clinical practice. Key findings Paediatric ASBD is a common ED presentation. There is significant variation in practice for the management of these young people. Further research is warranted to determine the most effective oral and parenteral medications for the safe management of paediatric ASBD in the ED setting.
Internal ID Number: 02141
Type: Journal Article
Appears in Collections:Research Output

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