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Title: Detecting and reducing hospital adverse events: outcomes of the Wimmera clinical risk management program.
Author: Wolff, Alan
Bourke, Jo
Campbell, Ian
Leembruggen, David W.
Issue Date: 2001
Publication Title: Medical Journal of Australia
Volume: 174
Issue: 12
Start Page: 621
End Page: 625
Abstract: Objectives: To determine if an integrated clinical risk management program that detects adverse patient events in a hospital, analyses their risk and takes action can alter the rate of adverse events. Design: Longitudinal survey of adverse patient events over eight years of progressive implementation of the risk management program. Participants and setting: 49,834 inpatients (July 1991 to September 1999) and 20,050 emergency department patients (October 1997 to September 1999) at a rural base hospital in the Wimmera region of Victoria. Main outcome measures: Rates of adverse events detected by medical record review and clinical incident and general practitioner reporting. Results: The annual rate of inpatient adverse events decreased between the first and eighth years of the study from 1.35% of all patient discharges (69 events) to 0.74% (49 events) (P<0.001). Absolute risk reduction was 0.61% (95% CI, 0.23%-0.99%), and relative risk reduction was 44.9% (95% CI, 16.9%-72.9%). The quarterly rate of emergency department adverse events decreased between the first and eighth quarters of monitoring from 3.26% of all attendances (84 events) to 0.48% (12 events) (P< 0.001). Absolute risk reduction was 2.78% (95% CI, 2.04%-3.52%), and relative risk reduction was 85.3% (95% CI, 62.7%-100%). Conclusions: Adverse patient events can be detected, and their frequency reduced, using multiple detection methods and clinical improvement strategies as part of an integrated clinical risk management program.
Description: Wimmera Health Care Group
Internal ID Number: 01821
Health Subject: SCREENING
Type: Journal Article
Appears in Collections:Research Output

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