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|Title:||Comparison of outcomes of coronary artery disease treated by percutaneous coronary intervention in 3 different age groups (<45, 46-65, and >65 years).|
Ajani, A. E.
|Publication Title:||The American Journal of Cardiology|
|Abstract:||There is paucity of data examining long-term outcomes of premature coronary artery disease (CAD). We aimed to investigate the short- and long-term clinical outcomes of patients with premature CAD treated by percutaneous coronary intervention (PCI) compared to older cohorts. We analyzed data from 27,869 patients who underwent PCI from 2005-2017 enrolled in a multicenter PCI registry. Patients were divided into three age groups: young group (≤ 45 years), middle-age group (46-65 years) and older group (>65 years). There were higher rates of current smokers in the young (n = 1,711) compared to the middle-age (n = 12,830) and older groups (n = 13,328) (54.2% vs 34.6% vs 11%) and the young presented more frequently with acute coronary syndrome (ACS) (78% vs 66% vs 62%), all p <0.05. There were also greater rates of cardiogenic shock (CS), out-of-hospital cardiac arrest (OHCA) and ST-elevation myocardial infarction (STEMI) in the young, all p <0.05. The young cohort with STEMI had higher rates of in-hospital, 30-day death, and long-term mortality (3.8% vs 0.2%, 4.3% vs 0.2% and 8.6% vs 3.1%, all p <0.05, respectively) compared to the non-STEMI subgroup. There was a stepwise increase in long-term mortality from the young, to middle-age, to the older group (6.1% vs 9.9% vs 26.8%, p <0.001). Younger age was an independent predictor of lower long-term mortality (HR 0.66, 95% CI 0.52-0.84, p = 0.001). In conclusion, younger patients presenting with STEMI had worse prognosis compared to those presenting with non-STEMI. Despite higher risk presentations among young patients, their overall prognosis was favorable compared to older age groups.|
|Internal ID Number:||01730|
|Health Subject:||CORONARY ARTERY DISEASE|
PERCUTANEOUS CORONARY INTERVENTION
|Appears in Collections:||Research Output|
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