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Title: Comparison of outcomes of coronary artery disease treated by percutaneous coronary intervention in 3 different age groups (<45, 46-65, and >65 years).
Author: Noaman, Samer
Dinh, D.
Reid, C.
Brennan, A.
Clark, D.
Shaw, J.
Freeman, M.
Sebastian, M.
Oqueli, Ernesto
Ajani, A. E.
Walton, A.
Bloom, J.
Biswas, S.
Stub, D.
Duffy, S.
Chan, W.
Issue Date: 2021
Publication Title: The American Journal of Cardiology
Volume: 152
Start Page: 19
End Page: 26
Abstract: There is paucity of data examining long-term outcomes of premature coronary artery disease (CAD). We aimed to investigate the short- and long-term clinical outcomes of patients with premature CAD treated by percutaneous coronary intervention (PCI) compared to older cohorts. We analyzed data from 27,869 patients who underwent PCI from 2005-2017 enrolled in a multicenter PCI registry. Patients were divided into three age groups: young group (≤ 45 years), middle-age group (46-65 years) and older group (>65 years). There were higher rates of current smokers in the young (n = 1,711) compared to the middle-age (n = 12,830) and older groups (n = 13,328) (54.2% vs 34.6% vs 11%) and the young presented more frequently with acute coronary syndrome (ACS) (78% vs 66% vs 62%), all p <0.05. There were also greater rates of cardiogenic shock (CS), out-of-hospital cardiac arrest (OHCA) and ST-elevation myocardial infarction (STEMI) in the young, all p <0.05. The young cohort with STEMI had higher rates of in-hospital, 30-day death, and long-term mortality (3.8% vs 0.2%, 4.3% vs 0.2% and 8.6% vs 3.1%, all p <0.05, respectively) compared to the non-STEMI subgroup. There was a stepwise increase in long-term mortality from the young, to middle-age, to the older group (6.1% vs 9.9% vs 26.8%, p <0.001). Younger age was an independent predictor of lower long-term mortality (HR 0.66, 95% CI 0.52-0.84, p = 0.001). In conclusion, younger patients presenting with STEMI had worse prognosis compared to those presenting with non-STEMI. Despite higher risk presentations among young patients, their overall prognosis was favorable compared to older age groups.
Internal ID Number: 01730
Type: Journal Article
Appears in Collections:Research Output

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