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|Title:||Towards optimising care of regionally - based cardiac patients with a telehealth cardiology pharmacist clinic (TOPCare Cardiology).|
Bishop, Jaclyn L.
Ping, Sophie E.
Kong, David C. M.
|Publication Title:||Heart, Lung and Circulation|
|Abstract:||Abstract Introduction: Cardiovascular disease is a major burden on the health of Australians, and cardiac health disparities exist for those who live outside of metropolitan areas. Poor patient medication literacy was identified by cardiologists at a regional Victorian health service as a barrier to medication optimisation and a factor in inefficiency in their service. Studies in Australia and overseas have shown pharmacists involved in multi-disciplinary and pre-admission models result in more accurate medication histories, increased patient medication knowledge and lower medication related adverse events. This study introduced a telehealth cardiology pharmacist clinic, with the primary aim of reducing cardiologist time gathering medication information and secondary aims of investigating the patient and cardiologist experience. Methods: A cardiology pharmacist clinic was introduced where a pharmacist undertook a consultation with a patient in the days preceding their appointment with their cardiologist. The primary outcome of this study was to determine whether a cardiology pharmacist consultation undertaken prior to a cardiologist consultation reduces the time spent by the cardiologist gathering medication information. This was measured via direct observation of cardiologist consultations with and without a prior cardiology pharmacist clinic consultation. Descriptive and inferential statistics were performed to assess differences in time spent gathering the patient's medication information by the cardiologist. The secondary outcomes included differences between: the total length of cardiologist consultations, the number of cardiologist appointments with a medication uncertainty, and attendance rates for cardiologist consultations with and without a prior cardiology pharmacist clinic consultation. Other secondary outcomes included a quantitative survey assessing patient satisfaction with the pharmacist consultation, satisfaction with telehealth, confidence in medication management. Finally, clinician perceptions of the value of the pharmacist consultation were explored via semi-structured interviews. Results: The time spent gathering medication information immediately before, and during, the cardiologist appointment reduced from 4.66 minutes without a prior cardiology pharmacist clinic consultation to 0.66 minutes with a prior cardiology pharmacist clinic consultation (difference 4 min, 95% CI: 3.27-4.77 p≤001). There was a 4.1-minute reduction in the mean consultation length of the cardiologist appointment if a cardiology pharmacist clinic consultation occurred prior (95% CI: 1.9-6.3, p<0.001). There were zero medication uncertainties (0/44) in the cardiologist appointment when the patient had a cardiology pharmacist clinic consultation compared to 51% (22/43) when no cardiology pharmacist clinic consultation had occurred. Patients with a cardiology pharmacist clinic consultation had a 5% (17/340) 'did not attend' (DNA) rate for their next cardiologist appointment. Patients who did not have a cardiology pharmacist clinic consultation had a 24% (202/855) DNA rate to their next cardiologist appointment. There was 100% patient satisfaction with the consultation provided by the cardiology pharmacist (100/100) and telehealth was considered an acceptable mode of delivery by 99% (95/96) of patients. Patients expressed an increase in their confidence to discuss their medications with their cardiologist (84% [81/96]). Benefits described by the clinicians whose patients received the service were greater confidence and ability to make treatment decisions within consultations, as well as improved patient health literacy. Conclusion: A cardiology pharmacist consultation undertaken prior to a cardiologist consultation reduced the time spent by the cardiologist gathering medication information. Importantly, it reduced medication uncertainty in cardiologist consultations which clinicians indicated provided them with greater confidence and ability to make treatment decisions within consultations. Patients who undertook a cardiology pharmacist clinic consultation were more likely to attend their cardiologist consultation, reducing wasted appointments. Patients were highly satisfied with the cardiology pharmacist consultation and considered telehealth an acceptable mode of delivery.|
|Internal ID Number:||01723|
|Appears in Collections:||Research Output|
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