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Title: Validation of the Antifungal National Antimicrobial Prescribing Survey (AF-NAPS) quality assessment tool.
Author: Khanina, A.
Douglas, A.
Yeoh, D.
So, M.
Abbotsford, J.
Spelman, T.
Kong, David C. M.
Slavin, M.
Thursky, K.
Issue Date: 2023
Publication Title: Journal of Antimicrobial Chemotherapy
Volume: 78
Issue: 6
Start Page: 1367
End Page: 1377
Abstract: Background The Antifungal National Antimicrobial Prescribing Survey (AF-NAPS) was developed to undertake streamlined quality audits of antifungal prescribing. The validity and reliability of such tools is not characterized. Objectives To assess the validity and reliability of the AF-NAPS quality assessment tool. Methods Case vignettes describing antifungal prescribing were prepared. A steering group was assembled to determine gold-standard classifications for appropriateness and guideline compliance. Infectious diseases physicians, antimicrobial stewardship (AMS) and specialist pharmacists undertook a survey to classify appropriateness and guideline compliance of prescriptions utilizing the AF-NAPS tool. Validity was measured as accuracy, sensitivity and specificity compared with gold standard. Inter-rater reliability was measured using Fleiss’ kappa statistics. Assessors’ responses and comments were thematically analysed to determine reasons for incorrect classification. Results Twenty-eight clinicians assessed 59 antifungal prescriptions. Overall accuracy of appropriateness assessment was 77.0% (sensitivity 85.3%, specificity 68.0%). Highest accuracy was seen amongst specialist (81%) and AMS pharmacists (79%). Prescriptions with lowest accuracy were in the haematology setting (69%), use of echinocandins (73%), mould-active azoles (75%) and for prophylaxis (71%). Inter-rater reliability was fair overall (0.3906), with moderate reliability amongst specialist pharmacists (0.5304). Barriers to accurate classification were incorrect use of the appropriateness matrix, knowledge gaps and lack of guidelines for some indications. Conclusions The AF-NAPS is a valid tool, assisting assessors to correctly classify appropriate prescriptions more accurately than inappropriate prescriptions. Specialist and AMS pharmacists had similar performance, providing confidence that both can undertake AF-NAPS audits to a high standard. Identified reasons for incorrect classification will be targeted in the online tool and educational materials.
Internal ID Number: 02258
Type: Journal Article
Appears in Collections:Research Output

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