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Title: Esmolol and anesthetic requirement for loss of responsiveness during propofol anesthesia.
Authors: Orme, Ruari
Leslie, Kate
Umraniker, Abhay
Ugoni, Antony
Issue Date: 2002
Publisher: International Anesthesia Research Society
Place of publication: Baltimore
Publication Title: Anesthesia and Analgesia
Volume: 94
Issue: 1
Start Page: 112
End Page: 116
Abstract: The administration of esmolol decreases the propofol blood concentration, preventing movement after skin incision during propofol/morphine/nitrous oxide anesthesia. However, interaction with esmolol has not been tested when propofol is infused alone. Accordingly, we tested the hypothesis that esmolol decreases the propofol blood concentration, preventing response to command (CP50-awake) when propofol is infused alone in healthy patients presenting for minor surgery. With approval and consent, we studied 30 healthy patients, who were randomized to esmolol bolus (1 mg/kg) and then infusion (250 microg x kg(-1) x min(-1)) or placebo. Five minutes later, a target-controlled infusion of propofol was commenced. Ten minutes later, responsiveness was assessed by a blinded observer. Oxygen saturation, heart rate, and noninvasive arterial blood pressure were recorded every 2 min. Arterial blood samples were taken at 5 and 10 min of propofol infusion for propofol assay. Results were analyzed with a generalized linear regression model: P <0.05 was considered statistically significant. The probability of response to command decreased with increasing propofol blood concentration (CP50-awake = 3.42 microg/mL). Esmolol did not alter the relative risk of response to command. We conclude that the previously observed effect of esmolol on propofol CP50 was not caused by an interaction between these two drugs. IMPLICATIONS: There is no evidence to suggest that esmolol, an ultra-short-acting cardioselective beta-blocker, affects anesthetic requirement for loss of responsiveness during propofol anesthesia.
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ISSN: 0003-2999
Internal ID Number: 00201
Health Subject: ESMOLOL
Type: Journal Article
Appears in Collections:Research Output

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