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|Title:||Therapeutic efficacy of dihydroartemisinin–piperaquine for the treatment of uncomplicated Plasmodium vivax malaria in Seacha area, Arbaminch Zuria District, South West Ethiopia.|
Commons, Robert J.
|Publication Title:||Malaria Journal|
|Abstract:||Background: Declining efficacy of chloroquine against Plasmodium vivax malaria has been documented in Ethiopia. Thus, there is a need to assess the efficacy of alternative schizontocidal anti-malarials such as dihydroartemisinin-piperaquine (DHA-PPQ) in P. vivax malaria-infected patients. This study was conducted to evaluate the therapeutic efficacy of DHA-PPQ drug in South West Ethiopia. Methods: This is a single-arm, prospective therapeutic efficacy study in patients with uncomplicated P. vivax malaria. The study was conducted from May 2021 to August 2021, based on the standard World Health Organization study protocol for surveillance of anti-malarial therapeutic efficacy. The study endpoint was adequate clinical and parasitological response on day 42. Results: A total of 86 patients with uncomplicated vivax malaria were enrolled. Of these, 79 patients completed the scheduled follow up; all showing adequate clinical and parasitological responses to day 42, with a successful cure rate of 100% (95% CI 96-100). Parasitaemias were cleared rapidly (86% by day 1 and 100% by day 3), as were clinical symptoms (100% by day 1). Gametocyte carriage decreased from 44% on Day 0 to 1% on day 1 and 0% on Day 2. Mean haemoglobin concentrations increased between day 0 (mean 12.2 g/dL) and day 42 (mean 13.3 g/dL). Treatment was well tolerated and no severe adverse events were observed. Conclusion: In summary, treatment with DHA-PPQ demonstrated excellent efficacy for uncomplicated P. vivax, with no recurrences to day 42, and no safety concerns. This treatment, which is also effective against P. falciparum, appears to be an ideal alternative for P. vivax as part of the malaria elimination programme.|
|Internal ID Number:||02050|
|Appears in Collections:||Research Output|
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