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|Title:||The relationship between frailty and mechanical ventilation: A population-based cohort study .|
|Publication Title:||Annals of the American Thoracic Society|
|Abstract:||Rationale: Frailty in critically ill patients is associated with higher mortality and prolonged length of stay; however, little is known about the impact on the duration of mechanical ventilation. Objectives: To identify the relationship between frailty and total duration of mechanical ventilation and the interaction with patients’ age. Methods: This retrospective population-based cohort study was performed using data submitted to the Australian and New Zealand Intensive Care Society Adult Patient Database between 2017 and 2020. We analyzed adult critically ill patients who received invasive mechanical ventilation within the first 24 hours of intensive care unit admission. Results: Of 59,319 available patients receiving invasive mechanical ventilation, 8,331 (14%) were classified as frail. Patients with frailty had longer duration of mechanical ventilation compared with patients without frailty. Duration of mechanical ventilation increased with higher frailty score. Patients with frailty had longer intensive care unit and hospital stay with higher mortality than patients without frailty. After adjustment for relevant covariates in multivariate analyses, frailty was significantly associated with a reduced probability of cessation of invasive mechanical ventilation (adjusted hazard ratio, 0.57 [95% confidence interval, 0.51–0.64]; P < 0.001). Sensitivity and subgroup analyses suggested that frailty could prolong mechanical ventilation in survivors, and the relationship was especially strong in younger patients. Conclusions: Frailty score was independently associated with longer duration of mechanical ventilation and contributed to identifying patients who were less likely to be liberated from mechanical ventilation. The impact of frailty on ventilation time varied with age and was most apparent for younger patients.|
|Description:||Includes data from WHCG & BHS|
|Internal ID Number:||02081|
DURATION OF MECHANICAL VENTILATION
|Appears in Collections:||Research Output|
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