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Title: Diabetes in ischaemic stroke in a regional Australian hospital: uncharted territory.
Author: Hu, Chih-Chiang
Low, Ashlea
O'Connor, Ellie
Siriratnam, Pakeeran
Hair, Casey
Kraemer, Thomas
Sahathevan, Ramesh
Issue Date: 2022
Publication Title: Internal Medicine Journal
Volume: 52
Issue: 4
Start Page: 574
End Page: 580
Abstract: Background Stroke and diabetes mellitus (DM) are significant interrelated healthcare issues but there is a dearth of data on the prevalence of DM among Australia's regional stroke population. Aims We aimed to determine the prevalence of DM in stroke patients at a large regional centre, including subanalyses on stroke subtypes, glycaemic control and renal function in ischaemic stroke (IS). Methods We conducted a retrospective analysis of all patients (n = 323) with IS or transient ischaemic attack (TIA) admitted to Ballarat Base Hospital from January 2015 to December 2016. Demographic data, cardiovascular risk factors, aetiology/territory of IS, pre-morbid DM status, indicators of glycaemic control and renal impairment were recorded. Results DM was present in 28.5% of IS and TIA patients, including 4% being newly diagnosed. Among diabetic IS patients, 45.3% had poor glycaemic control (HbA1c ≥7.0%) while 16% had moderate to severe renal impairment (estimated glomerular filtration rate of <30). The majority of IS were partial anterior circulation stroke (53.4%) and cardioembolism was the commonest mechanism (43.5%). We found no significant association between DM and a specific stroke location or mechanism. Conclusions Almost one-third of IS/TIA patients had DM, with a significant proportion showing poor glycaemic control. The DM prevalence in our cohort was comparable with reported rates from other developed countries. Although we found no association between DM and a particular stroke type or mechanism, it is likely a reflection of our cohort size. Our study demonstrated that DM, as a significant risk factor in IS, warrants early detection and better management strategies.
Internal ID Number: 01879
Type: Journal Article
Appears in Collections:Research Output

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