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Title: Exploring reasoning mechanisms in ward rounds: a critical realist multiple case study.
Author: Perversi, Paul
Yearwood, John
Bellucci, Emilia
Stranieri, Andrew
Warren, Jim
Burstein, Frada
Mays, Heather
Wolff, Alan
Issue Date: 2018
Publication Title: BMC Health Services Research
Volume: 18
Issue: 1
Start Page: 643
Abstract: Background: Ward rounds are an important and ubiquitous element of hospital care with a history extending well over a century. Although originally intended as a means of educating medical trainees and junior doctors, over time they have become focused on supporting clinical practice. Surprisingly, given their ubiquity and importance, they are under-researched and inadequately understood. This study aims to contribute knowledge in human reasoning within medical teams, meeting a pressing need for research concerning the reasoning occurring in rounds. Methods: The research reported here aimed to improve the understanding of ward round reasoning by conducting a critical realist case study exploring the collaborative group reasoning mechanisms in the ward rounds of two hospitals in Victoria, Australia. The data collection involved observing rounds, interviewing medical practitioners and holding focus group meetings. Results: Nine group reasoning mechanisms concerning sharing, agreeing and recording information in the categories of information accumulation, sense-making and decision-making were identified, together forming a program theory of ward round reasoning. In addition, themes spanning across mechanisms were identified, further explaining ward round reasoning and suggesting avenues for future exploration. Themes included the use of various criteria, tensions involving mechanisms, time factors, medical roles and hierarchies. Conclusions: This paper contributes to the literature by representing rounds in a manner that strengthens understanding of the form of the group reasoning occurring within, thus supporting theory-based evaluation strategies, redesigned practices and training enhancements.
Description: Wimmera Health Care Group
Internal ID Number: 01804
Health Subject: CASE STUDY
Type: Journal Article
Appears in Collections:Research Output

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