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dc.contributorHurley, James C.en_US
dc.date.accessioned2018-09-06T00:52:52Z-
dc.date.available2018-09-06T00:52:52Z-
dc.date.issued2018-
dc.identifier.govdoc01135en_US
dc.identifier.issn2076-2067en_US
dc.identifier.urihttp://hdl.handle.net/11054/1209-
dc.description.abstractSelective digestive decontamination (SDD, topical antibiotic regimens applied to the respiratory tract) appears effective for preventing ventilator associated pneumonia (VAP) in intensive care unit (ICU) patients. However, potential contextual effects of SDD on Staphylococcus aureus infections in the ICU remain unclear. The S. aureus ventilator associated pneumonia (S. aureus VAP), VAP overall and S. aureus bacteremia incidences within component (control and intervention) groups within 27 SDD studies were benchmarked against 115 observational groups. Component groups from 66 studies of various interventions other than SDD provided additional points of reference. In 27 SDD study control groups, the mean S. aureus VAP incidence is 9.6% (95% CI; 6.9–13.2) versus a benchmark derived from 115 observational groups being 4.8% (95% CI; 4.2–5.6). In nine SDD study control groups the mean S. aureus bacteremia incidence is 3.8% (95% CI; 2.1–5.7) versus a benchmark derived from 10 observational groups being 2.1% (95% CI; 1.1–4.1). The incidences of S. aureus VAP and S. aureus bacteremia within the control groups of SDD studies are each higher than literature derived benchmarks. Paradoxically, within the SDD intervention groups, the incidences of both S. aureus VAP and VAP overall are more similar to the benchmarks.en_US
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dc.titleUnusually high incidences of Staphylococcus aureus Infection within studies of ventilator associated pneumonia prevention using topical antibiotics: benchmarking the evidence base.en_US
dc.typeJournal Articleen_US
dc.type.specifiedArticleen_US
dc.bibliographicCitation.titleMicrooorganismsen_US
dc.bibliographicCitation.volume6en_US
dc.bibliographicCitation.issue1en_US
dc.bibliographicCitation.stpage2en_US
dc.subject.healththesaurusVENTILATOR ASSOCIATED PNEUMONIAen_US
dc.subject.healththesaurusSTAPHYLOCOCCUS AUREUSen_US
dc.subject.healththesaurusANTIBIOTIC PROPHYLAXISen_US
dc.subject.healththesaurusSTUDY DESIGNen_US
dc.subject.healththesaurusINTENSIVE CAREen_US
dc.subject.healththesaurusMECHANICAL VENTILATIONen_US
dc.subject.healththesaurusCROSS INFECTIONen_US
dc.subject.healththesaurusNOSOCOMIAL INFECTIONen_US
dc.subject.healththesaurusSELECTIVE DIGESTIVE CONTAMINATIONen_US
dc.subject.healththesaurusANTIBIOTICSen_US
dc.subject.healththesaurusBENCHMARKINGen_US
dc.identifier.doihttps://doi.org/10.3390/microorganisms6010002en_US
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