Please use this identifier to cite or link to this item: http://hdl.handle.net/11054/1210
Title: World-wide variation in incidence of staphylococcus aureus associated ventilator-associated pneumonia: a meta-regression.
Author: Hurley, James C.
Issue Date: 2018
Publication Title: Microorganisms
Volume: 6
Issue: 1
Start Page: 18
Abstract: Staphylococcus aureus (S. aureus) is a common Ventilator-Associated Pneumonia (VAP) isolate. The objective here is to define the extent and possible reasons for geographic variation in the incidences of S. aureus-associated VAP, MRSA-VAP and overall VAP. A meta-regression model of S. aureus-associated VAP incidence per 1000 Mechanical Ventilation Days (MVD) was undertaken using random effects methods among publications obtained from a search of the English language literature. This model incorporated group level factors such as admission to a trauma ICU, year of publication and use of bronchoscopic sampling towards VAP diagnosis. The search identified 133 publications from seven worldwide regions published over three decades. The summary S. aureus-associated VAP incidence was 4.5 (3.9-5.3) per 1000 MVD. The highest S. aureus-associated VAP incidence is amongst reports from the Mediterranean (mean; 95% confidence interval; 6.1; 4.1-8.5) versus that from Asian ICUs (2.1; 1.5-3.0). The incidence of S. aureus-associated VAP varies by up to three-fold (for the lowest versus highest incidence) among seven geographic regions worldwide, whereas the incidence of VAP varies by less than two-fold. Admission to a trauma unit is the most important group level correlate for S. aureus-associated VAP.
URI: http://hdl.handle.net/11054/1210
ISSN: 2076-2607
DOI: https://doi.org/10.3390/microorganisms6010018
Internal ID Number: 01137
Health Subject: VENTILATOR-ASSOCIATED PNEUMONIA
STAPHLOCOCCUS AUREUS
TRAUMA CENTRES
TRAUMA
INCIDENCE
RESPIRATION, ARTIFICIAL
INTENSIVE CARE UNITS
STAPHYLOCOCCAL INFECTIONS
Type: Journal Article
Article
Appears in Collections:Research Output

Files in This Item:
File Description SizeFormat 
microorganisms-06-00018.pdf3.29 MBAdobe PDFThumbnail
View/Open


Items in DSpace are protected by copyright, with all rights reserved, unless otherwise indicated.